Let’s face it: payday loan debt is tough.
If your payday loan debt seems to never go away, despite your best efforts, you might be in what’s known as the ‘payday loan trap’. That is, a cycle of debt that’s so high it’s tough to get out of.
According to statistics from the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) and Pew Research the average annual percentage interest rate is 396%, with the average borrower spending $520 in interest and additional fees alone to borrow $375.
By nature, these loans tend to trap well-intentioned payday loan borrowers into a cycle of debt they can’t get out of. Yet the 14,000+ storefront payday lenders, combined with endless online lenders, rake in $12 billion in fees every year. To get a sense of how horrible this industry can be, watch the video below by Bloomberg.
If you’re one of the 12 million Americans who has taken out a payday loan this year, you’re not alone. Here are a few steps you can take to help get out of this trap.
How to get out of payday loan debt
1. Try a payday loan consolidation / debt settlement program
Consolidation programs are designed to take all of your payday loans and put them into a single payment plan.
There are two types of payday loan consolidation. The first is an actual debt consolidation loan. In this case, a lender will give you a new loan at a new interest rate, which you can then use to pay off higher interest short term loans. If you do this route, the US Government recommends talking to a credit counselor so that you know what you’re getting into.
Payday loan consolidation programs – also called debt relief, debt settlement, or debt consolidation programs – are a bit of a different beast. In this case, a 3rd party will take all of your loans, along with the responsibility of repaying them, and charge you a flat monthly payment. They will help you stop lenders from automatically drafting from your checking account (which will prevent overdraft fees), and will negotiate directly with the lenders to come up with a plan that works. Generally speaking, the total amount you will pay will be a fraction of what you would owe the payday lenders.
2. Prioritize high-interest loans first
Begin by laying out all of your loans. Take the time to read each loan agreement to understand
You should always try and pay back your highest interest loans first. Because of the way interest payments work, the more you owe, the more you owe.
If you have non-payday loans such as credit card loans, they should usually take back-seat as they have a significantly lower interest rate. Credit card debt is another problem, but it’s much lower interest debt than a payday loan.
It may take quite a bit of digging to find out what APRs you are paying with each loan, but it is well worth it to understand which of these have the highest interest rate so that you can prioritize them.
3. Ask for extended payment plans
Payday lenders may not be your friend, but they do want their money back. If you call them and tell them you can’t pay, they may offer you reduced terms or interest rates. Try not to speak to their debt collectors, and someone who is a supervisor.
You can also ask if they offer extended payment plans (EPP). They may not, but it doesn’t hurt to ask. Be sure to ask a few people when you inquire, because payday sales reps aren’t the most honest people around.
If your lender is a member of the Community Financial Services Association of America (CFSAA), the chances that they offer extended payment plans is quite high. Be sure to ask before your loan’s due date – last business day at the latest.
Before you do sign a repayment plan, be sure to read and understand all of the terms. There’s no such thing as a free lunch, so they may replace one evil with another. An extended repayment period might come at the price of higher interest.
4. See if you can get personal loans
Payday loans aren’t the only form of loans out there.
There are home equity lines of credit (HELOCS), credit card loans, and other personal loans designed for paying down larger loans.
Credit cards often offer cash advances, but if you have bad credit you may be out of luck.
For most of these, you’ll need to have some credit history – probably a 580 credit score at a minimum. Check your credit report from one of the main credit bureaus – Experian, Equifax or Transunion first – many services such as Credit Karma offer this for free. Be wary of other credit bureaus, as they tend to be more scammy.
5. Get a credit union payday alternative loan
Federal credit unions are financial institutions that tend to be smaller and less profit oriented, since they don’t have shareholders. They often offer “payday alternative loans” (PALs). Here are some facts about PALs, courtesy of NerdWallet:
- Issued to borrowers who have been credit union members for at least one month.
- Granted in amounts between $200 and $1,000.
- Affordable, with a maximum annual percentage rate of 28% and an application fee of no more than $20, which reflects the actual cost of processing.
- Repaid fully after one to six months of installments; no rollovers allowed.
- Provided to borrowers one at a time; borrowers may not receive more than three PALs within a six-month period.
NerdWallet also mentions that these loans are not very common; only 1 in 7 credit unions offers them. The best way to learn if a credit union offers these types of loans is to call them.
6. Look into non-profit credit counseling
Finance is not easy, and payday loans are among the toughest to comprehend. A credit counselor is a personal finance expert that can not only help make sense of all the fine print, but help you create a plan to get out of the debt cycle.
However, if you’re in payday debt, you’re probably not in a position to shell out a bunch of cash to a credit counseling agency. Fortunately, there are a number of nonprofits that offer debt counseling and financial planning free of charge.
Many military bases, credit unions, local governments and universities offer some sort of credit counseling. It can’t hurt to call around to see what options are available to you.
Typically they are not going to have a silver bullet for you. But they can sit down with you, help you understand your financial situation, and lay out a budget for you to get out of debt. The hard work is actually sticking to that budget.
Be very careful of companies masquerading as non-profits. This world is full of scam artists. Do your homework to make sure that there is a real organization behind the offering. If something sounds too good to be true, it probably is.
For more information about choosing a credit counselor, visit this article by the Federal Trade Commission .
7. Ask friends and family for money
One option for getting money to pay off your loans is to ask your friends, family, and community. It can be extremely humbling to do this, but a no-interest loan from a friend can go a long way into helping you get out of the payday loan trap.
Many churches, mosques and synagogues have support systems where members donate anonymously to help other members through tough financial situations.
8. Ask for a pay advance
If you have a good relationship and a strong history with your employer, asking for an advance can go a long way. Many employers will offer pay advances for employees who have proven themselves.
Be honest about your situation. Help your employer understand that the sooner you get paid, the less interest and fees you have to pay. Be sure to mention that the less stressed you are, the better you can do on the job.
Consider offering to put in extra hours, which will not only build good-will, but also make you more money. Especially if you get paid overtime.
9. Work overtime
If you’re an hourly worker in the United States, you are entitled to overtime pay when you work over the standard work week. Typically this means that you get 1.5 times your hourly rate for every hour worked over the normal work week, usually about 40 hours.
Not only are you making more, you’re making more per hour which adds up fast.
10. Do side jobs for extra cash
There are no shortage of side jobs in today’s gig economy. Anybody can make a few extra bucks driving for Uber, walking dogs for Wag, or delivering food for Doordash. If you have the extra time, use it.
11. Avoid taking on new payday loans
This is absolutely paramount. At all costs, avoid taking on new payday loans!
Do whatever you need to do. Save money, work overtime, borrow from friends, talk to a credit counselor but do not fall back into the trap. The short term relief is not worth the long term indebtedness that you’re trying to get out of.
Break the payday loan cycle
Getting out of the payday debt trap is not easy but is the first step to ensuring a future of financial freedom. Once payday loans are no longer hanging over your head, you’ll not only feel better, but will have the freedom to begin planning the financial future that you deserve. Being debt free with money in your bank account is worth the hard work.